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Is it easy for you to learn the English grammar? Actually each student periodically has some difficulties in his training. It is absolutely normal: you improve the knowledge therefore there are such moments. Today one of the best online proofreading services will speak about difficulties with grammar, which arise most often in the course of studying English and how to cope with them.
The main difficulties when studying the English grammar and methods of their disposal
Foreign students are often afraid of grammar in a foreign language, especially in English language. Let's consider the most popular "hassles" and we will formulate several pieces of advice, which will help to cope with them.
1. Lack of the verb to be
Beginners often forget about the verb "to be" in the affirmative sentences. Non-native speakers used to speak without this special verb. Many languages have different structure of sentences. Therefore they want to tell in English like that: "I free" instead of "I am free" and "She at school now" instead of "She is at school now". How to accustom yourself to use an auxiliary verb?
You should always remember the main thought: in the sentence written in English language there is always a verb. Learn the most widespread cases of the usage of the verb to be. So it is used:
1) When it is necessary to report WHO you are or WHO the other person is (for example, by the name or profession): "My name is Sam", "My boyfriend's name is John";
2) When it is necessary to report WHERE you are or WHERE someone is: "He is at the hospital", "I am at my grandmother's place;
3) When it is necessary to report WHAT you are like or WHAT other person is like (quality of the person or some object): "Your girl is so beautiful", "This student is very clever".
2. Lack of an auxiliary verb "do/does"
The next mistake is lack of an auxiliary verb "do/does" in the negative sentence or in the interrogative sentence in the present simple (Indefinite) time. It happens, when non-native speakers tell after their own fashion. For example they say “You know him?” instead of “Do you know him?”. One more example: “He not want to go there” instead of “He doesn’t want to go there”. People make such mistakes very often, and it is very difficult to learn to find these mistakes in the spoken English language and in the written English as well.
Try to remember one easy rule: in the general interrogative and negative sentences there is always an auxiliary verb (one exception: if in the sentence there is a modal verb) even if in the affirmative sentence there was not this auxiliary verb.
One more very important thing to understand in English grammar is a word order. In the general question auxiliary (or modal) verb should be on the first place, after it subject (a noun or a pronoun) goes and only after that a predicate (an action) should be. For example: "Does she go to school?". The word order is: the auxiliary verb "does" goes on the first place, then a subject — "she", then the predicate — go.
3. The wrong word order in the affirmative sentence
Different languages allow us to tell without a definite order. But our most favorite English language doesn't indulge us with such variety of options. Therefore instead of "Love I English" we have to manage stereotyped and only correct variant "I love English".
In this case you need to remember the scheme of creation of the sentence in English forever: a subject — a predicate — other parts of the sentence.
In this case you need to remember the scheme of creation of the sentence in English forever: a subject — a predicate — other parts of the sentence. Therefore if you translate the sentence from some other language into English, at first you should define WHAT is a subject and what is a predicate. Grammatical -translated exercises is an excellent opportunity to improve the skill of creation of the English language. Carry out such exercises as often as possible.
4. The absence of "- s/-es"
Also students and pupils very often forget about the endings "- s/-es" in the verbs used after pronouns and nouns in the third person and singular (he, she, it, Tom, car, park, cat, etc.) in the present simple time (Present Indefinite).
This mistake is made not only by those who have recently begun to learn English grammar: in informal conversation we are so concentrated on WHAT to tell that we sometimes forget about HOW to tell. Example: we speak "I play chess" and "She plays chess". We know well about the necessary ending, we have learnt the rules. But when we tell something very important, or very interesting, or we are in a hurry, we may just forget about such simple rule.
Firstly, do not hurry to speak. As a rule, students perfectly remember that it is necessary to add the ending- s/-es, but they so hurry to express the thought that they forget about it. You still will manage to gain fluency of the speech, and grammatical errors need to be corrected in process of their emergence.
5. Lack of articles
There are no articles in many languages therefore it seems that cunning British have thought them up specially, so that we puzzle when to tell "a dog" and when to tell "the dog".
Even in such levels as Pre-Intermediate or Intermediate, pupils forget about articles. They often explain it with the fact that "there is no wish to put it here", "intuition of language hasn't prompted to put it here".
Some pupils consider articles a trifle, an optional part of the speech. This is a delusion: the native speaker, of course, will understand what you speak about, but he should guess, you mean some concrete subject or something in general. Besides, if you miss an article, some words (for example, "hand" or "fly") from nouns can turn into verbs, and that is absolutely inadmissible.
To study the usage of articles easily, you may remember simple associations. The article of a/an has come from the English numeral "one", for this reason it is put only before a countable noun (that noun which can be counted) in singular. Some philologists suggest to associate it with the word "any", that is "a/an" designates "some, any" subject. The article of "the" evolved from the word "that" therefore it means some concrete subject which is well familiar to interlocutors.
To check your knowledge of the rules, pass tests of the usage of articles in English.
7. Misuse of the words "any/some", "few/little", "many/much"
It would seem, these couples of words are similar. But the sentence "How many tea do you drink?" will be incorrect, and it will be correct to say "How much tea do you drink?" or "How many cups of tea do you drink?". What is the difference? Tea is an uncountable concept, and cups of tea are possible to count. Check your knowledge on the special resource with exercises and find out your results!
8. Wrong choice of times
Let's begin with the fact that there are only three times in English language (present, past and future). However there are many aspects of these times, and also a "great and awful" passive voice. When studying the English grammar students are quite often confused with the times.
Do not try "to learn" times, simple cramming will give nothing. Try to UNDERSTAND them, in that case your efforts will bear fruits. Some philologists suggest to remember, what this or that time designates. So, times of the Indefinite (Simple) group mean regular action, the fact. Times of the Continuous group express process, Perfect group times designate result of some action, and Perfect Continuous group times mean process which lasts throughout the specified amount of time.
Don't forget about a context and non-standard ways of training. For example, you can learn English times by means of songs. When you listen to the song, try to read the text or to watch video. Pay attention how native speakers use this or that time.
Periodically check yourself by means of various exercises and tests of usage English times.
9. Mistakes in usage of irregular verbs
It is absolutely unclear, why some verbs in the second and third form will just receive the ending "- ed": close-closed-closed, some will not change at all: put-put-put, and some will change, but not by the rules: speak-spoke-spoken. It is obligatory to learn the table of irregular verbs. At first sight it seems huge and difficult work, but in practice you will cope with that task very easily and quickly.
10. The incorrect usage of prepositions
Rules of the usage of verbs, adjectives and nouns with prepositions in English and in other languages do not coincide. Rules of the usage of preposition need to be learned by heart, actually it is not so difficult.
Difficulties arise when students try to learn them without the context. Therefore it makes sense not just to cram certain verbs with certain preposition, but to write out sentences where they are used, and to read them more often. It is the best of all to make such sentences independently: write the short text and periodically check it.
Philologists unanimously allocate 83 expressions in the fixed “sheaf” with prepositions so it makes sense to study them.
Kindly examine the article concerned with frequent grammar mistakes everyone can miss. If you know them, you will not make such mistakes in the future.
11. Incorrect usage of an infinitive and gerund
What is the difference in the phrases "I like to read" or "I like reading"? The translation is identical. However not with all verbs it is so possible to use them as in gerund, as also in infinitive form, otherwise the sentence can have other sense. How to understand when and what to use?
You should learn after which verbs the infinitive is always used, after which verbs gerund is always used. Each student learning English has to know it.
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We hope, our simple recommendations will help you to get rid of mistakes in English and to continue learning the English grammar. Struggle against difficulties, speak English more often, do not be afraid of making a mistake. Only if you have continuous practice you will be able to set theoretical knowledge.
“The greatest mistake we make is living in constant fear that we will make one.” John Maxwell Coetzee
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